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Most people have heard the terms, “ADHD” and “ADD”, and these terms are often used jokingly to describe difficulties in getting things done.  However, the experiences of people who have “attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder” and “attention-deficit-disorder” (ADHD/ADD) rise above normal human struggles with focus.  ADD/ADHD occurs when the concentration of two neurotransmitters: dopamine and norepinephrine are too low in the prefrontal cortex (the front part of the brain).  This impairs a person’s “executive functioning," which is their ability to control impulses and attention.

There are two main types of ADHD: inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive. People with inattentive ADHD have trouble paying attention for longer periods of time and may seem like they're not listening. They may also be easily distracted, have difficulty following instructions, and may be forgetful.


People with hyperactive-impulsive ADHD are frequently "on the go" and may have trouble sitting still. They may also talk a lot, be impulsive, and act without thinking. Hyperactive-impulsive ADHD may also manifest as trouble sitting still, fidgeting or squirming, and talking excessively. People with this form of ADHD may also act impulsively without fully thinking about the consequences of their actions.

Treatments for ADD/ADHD

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The treatment of ADD/ADHD involves increasing the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the prefrontal cortex and acquiring coping skills.  This can be accomplished through medications, over the counter supplements, and learning attention and information management techniques. Our providers may recommend to begin treatment with an over-the-counter supplement, a prescription medication, or a combination of both. 


Different kinds of medication for ADHD can help improve focus and concentration. Different medications may be formulated with methylphenidate (like Ritalin, Focalin, or Concerta) or amphetamines (like Adderall or Vyvanse). Your psychiatric medication management provider can walk through these different options with you based on your symptoms and needs.


While taking medication can sometimes come with a stigma, medication has many benefits and can help with reducing the symptoms of ADHD, in turn enabling you to live your life with reduced stress and improved concentration. With pharmacological and wellness-focused treatment through an iTrust Wellness Group provider, symptoms can improve, and you can begin to regain your quality of life. Our team of experts will work with you to develop a treatment plan that best suits your needs.

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